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Study: for elder people tablets have better readability than paper
For many readers, electronic devices are much less comfortable for the eyes than print books. On the other side we get used to reading on computers, tablets and e-readers.
A study conducted by the team of researchers from Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, discovers one rather surprising preference: elder adults rate tablets as a medium with best readability. We prepared a simple infographic to visualize the results:
The group of older adults, aged 60 to 77, consisted of only 21 participants. Nevertheless, the results show that using the tablet improved speed and reduced effort compared to paper and e-reader. Reading a sample text on Kindle took around 28 seconds, on paper – 26.5 seconds. Switching to iPad saved as much as 4 seconds, compared to Kindle.
Researchers argue that the benefit tablets give is a backlight screen. Users can adjust brightness, the text is crispier and the contrast can be high – and this is what makes the difference.
We argue that these results can be explained in terms of the better text discriminability (higher contrast) produced by the backlit display of the tablet computer. Contrast sensitivity decreases with age and degraded contrast conditions lead to longer reading times, thus supporting the conclusion that older readers may benefit particularly from the enhanced contrast of the tablet. Our findings thus indicate that people’s subjective evaluation of digital reading media must be dissociated from the cognitive and neural effort expended in online information processing while reading from such devices.
The study used combined EEG (electroencephalography – recording of electrical activity along the scalp) and eye-tracking measures in order to test whether reading from digital media requires higher effort than print books.
Respondents in two groups, younger and older adults, read short texts on three different reading devices: a paper page, an e-reader (Kindle) and a tablet (iPad 2). Afterwards, they were answering questions while their eye movements and EEG were recorded.
As far as subjective judgements are concerned, both groups rate paper as the medium that gives the biggest pleasure of reading. However, for elder people tablet comes second, even before e-reader.
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About Piotr Kowalczyk
Ad-man who decided to devote his life to books. Founder of Ebook Friendly, ebook enthusiast, and self-published short story author. Prefers reading on his iPhone, but when it comes to history books – Piotr always picks print.
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Study: for elder people tablets have better readability than paper https://ebookfriendly.com/elder-people-find-tablets-have-best-readability-study-says/ via @ebookfriendly
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Instead of comments
The Ballad of Songbirds and Snakes
The Hunger Games Prequel
by Suzanne Collins
Part 1: The Mentor
Coriolanus released the fistful of cabbage into the pot of boiling water and swore that one day it would never pass his lips again. But this was not that day. He needed to eat a large bowl of the anemic stuff, and drink every drop of broth, to prevent his stomach from growling during the reaping ceremony. It was one of a long list of precautions he took to mask the fact that his family, despite residing in the penthouse of the Capitol’s most opulent apartment building, was as poor as district scum. That at eighteen, the heir to the once-great house of Snow had nothing to live on but his wits.
His shirt for the reaping was worrying him. He had an acceptable pair of dark dress pants bought on the black market last year, but the shirt was what people looked at. Fortunately, the Academy provided the uniforms it required for daily use. For today’s ceremony, however, students were instructed to be dressed fashionably but with the solemnity the occasion dictated. Tigris had said to trust her, and he did. Only his cousin’s cleverness with a needle had saved him so far. Still, he couldn’t expect miracles.
The shirt they’d dug from the back of the wardrobe—his father’s, from better days—was stained and yellowed with age, half the buttons missing, a cigarette burn on one cuff. Too damaged to sell in even the worst of times, and this was to be his reaping shirt? This morning he had gone to her room at daybreak, only to find both his cousin and the shirt missing. Not a good sign. Had Tigris given up on the old thing and braved the black market in some last-ditch effort to find him proper clothing? And what on earth would she possess worth trading for it? Only one thing—herself—and the house of Snow had not yet fallen that far. Or was it falling now as he salted the cabbage?
326 words read…
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The most technologically efficient machine that man has ever invented is the book.
– Northrop Frye –
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Sofa storage caddy – great for books, tablets, and e-readers
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